Many different species of birds in Mexica are close to being extinct and some particular species are in a serious danger right now. The Belding Yellow-throat with its vivid yellow colors can never be found again in its natural habitat in Baja California. This beautiful bird is rapidly becoming a rare sight. However, local people of Baja California Sur have a plan how to help these birds to survive.
The Pacific coast of Mexica is framed bytown of Todos Santos, the glorious blue water of the Pacific Ocean and the impressive mountains of Sierra de la Laguna. Some years ago, this idyllic landscape was the center of sugarcane production in the region, but tourists have descended in their thousand sleepy villages now. However, tourism is a double-edged tool here. It has brought the great income, so the local people have experienced the boost of economy. On the other hand, tourism is destroying the natural environment that people were attracted to in the first place. This means there is less land in the natural habitat to sustain life.
This process has a directly impact to the population of Belding’s Yellowthroat and now these birds are officially designated as one of endangered species. The most recent estimate shows that there are only fifteen hundred adult birds left in a small area of land. However, the environmental organization such as UABCS (University of Baja California Sur) make the situation better and help birds to survive.
Getting People Engaged
The above-mentioned organizations try to educate the local peoples by providing them the educational programs about the protection of the biodiversity for free. These programs teach locals to protect the reserves that keep the environment intact for the breeding of endangered species.
If the programs are run correctly then contribution of local people will benefit both ecology and business. For instance, local people can be trained as guides for tourists who wish to go bird-watching. They can be paid for ensuring that the tourists have a great experience without making a damage to the natural environment. Since the program has begun, there have been recording of four hundred and fifty different bird species in the area. Three species of birds are endemic: the Grey Thrasher, Belding’s Yellowthroat, and Xantus’s Humminbird.
The success of the program in Todos Santos and the great support of local people proved the necessity of such programs. As a result, the similar programs of protection were adopted to many other rural areas in Mexica. In this way, the ecosystem is protected, and the great financial benefit is experienced as well. It is a win-win situation.
It proves that being ecologically aware can bring personal benefits as well as environmental advantages to the whole local ecosystem. There is no reason why this model cannot be adopted in every part of Mexica where some other ecological problems exist.