The biodiversity of Mexico is incredible, and this country is a paradise for nature enthusiasts. Almost anywhere you will be admired by unique natural formations from mountains to lakes, from waterfalls to natural mineral pools, from islands to jungles. A lot of different types of ecosystems and climates can be explored by curious adventurers. However, the natural wonders of Mexico have been a natural habitat for many different species that are put in danger now because of urbanization, agricultural activities, and tourism. These species of animals are classified as extinct and need more protection to be kept alive.
The vaquita is a long porpoise that lives in the Gulf of California. They can be found near the coastline as these porpoises like shallow and muddy water. Females can grow up to 140 cm, and males can be up to 130cm, they have large flippers and curved dorsal fins. The vaquitas cannot be found anywhere else around the world, as a result, they are one of the most endangered species worldwide now. The most dangerous thing to vaquitas is bycatch in gillnets used to catch fish and shrimp. This way of fishing is illegal and banned by the Mexican government, but it is still happening along the coastline.
Mexican Gray Wolf
This is a small, grey mammal from the family of wolfs that might be found in North America. The average weight of these wolfs is 30kg, they can grow up to 170cm length from snout to tail, and the average lifetime is around 8 years. Even though some grey wolfs can be found in the states of Arizona and Texas, the Mexican grey wolfs are classified as different and the natural habitat of these wolfs is the Mexico City valley. The population of the Mexican grey wolfs drastically decreased in 1970 when the extensive urbanization and construction projects have been started. Now these wolves are protected by the national law and it is forbidden to haunt them anywhere in Mexico.
The scarlet macaw parrots can be easily recognizable by kids and adults because they are the most iconic large red, yellow birds with light blue tail feathers and always are featured in childish books about the jungle life. The humid evergreen tropical rainforests of Central and South America are the natural habitat of these beautiful birds. However, the population of red macaw is almost destroyed in Mexico because of illegal hunting and animal trafficking. Even though capture and trade of any wild parrot in Mexico has been banned since of 2008, it is still possible to buy the red macaw on the black market and the prices are incredible.
The jaguars are iconic animals associated with power, courage, and authority. Historically, it was a must to have an alive or dead jaguar in a castle for many monarchs and rulers in Central America, Europe, and Asia. However, this description of status has survived until these days, as a result, the population of jaguars is extremely small because of illegal hunting. The extended agricultural activities, expansion of human settlements, and climate changes also have a huge negative impact on this species. The hunting of Jaguars are banned in Mexico since 1987.